An Independent Voice Threatened in Utah
Developments in Our Federal Antitrust Challenge:
June of 2015 marked the one-year anniversary of our public-interest complaint challenging the 2013 JOA between the Deseret News and The Salt Lake Tribune's New York owner. It also marked the beginning of a summertime stand-down on the discovery-production schedule, which was sought by the defendants and agreed to by us. In late September, the defendants in Utah Newspaper Project dba Citizens for Two Voices v. Deseret News Publishing, Kearns-Tribune filed their answers to our lawsuit. And here's our answer to the hedge fund's counterclaims. Those filings came a month after U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups denied their motion to dismiss the case following oral arguments. The Initial Pretrial Conference in the case set for Nov. 5, 2014, before a magistrate judge was vacated, as the defendants wasted no time throwing up discovery roadblocks. Here is our response to the defendants' motion for a protective order, which proved persuasive. We are pleased to report that the court has rejected the defendants' request for a deviation from standard practices during the discovery process. The plaintiff's attorneys will now focus on discovery rather than seeking an injunction. The process of discovery will resume on Oct. 31, when the stand-down period ends. Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices has been challenging the JOA for nearly two years, beginning with this letter sent to the U.S. Justice Department soon after an anonymous tip appeared on the desks of three Tribune reporters. A second letter to federal antitrust enforcers helped prod federal and state investigations into the deal.
The Quest No. 20
Read the News' Proposed JOA Amendments
For previous installments of this series, please go to "The Quest"
Here is the transcript of arguments on the defendants' unsuccessful motion to dismiss.
Thank you to our legal team at Christensen & Jensen!
Clark Gilbert, "Dual Transformation,"
and the Deseret News National Edition:
Utah Newspaper Project has released an analysis of the circulation trends at the Deseret News National Edition. At a time when other print newspapers were barely holding their own or seeing stark declines, Clark Gilbert led the Deseret News to growth of 84 percent in its Sunday print circulation from 2010 to 2012, when it hit a high of 127,050 nationwide.
This astonishing Sunday circulation success warrants in-depth study, coming as it does in the midst of such dire times in the newspaper industry. The growth took place in the Deseret News National Edition, which Gilbert launched in August of 2011 as a non-denominational, values-based publication. But a closer look reveals that the Deseret News repurposed its section called the Mormon Times that was sent to subscribers of the [LDS] Church News, and those readers were added to the newspaper’s circulation tally.
Click here to read the full analysis
Who Owns Local Circuation?
The Salt Lake Tribune and Deseret News of Salt Lake City have embarked on two distinct editorial paths. The Tribune emphasizes coverage of local news while the Deseret News since 2010 has looked to build a national audience based on coverage of certain values it believes attracts like-minded people of faith.
Then last year the Deseret News struck a deal in which it paid millions of dollars to the Tribune’s owners, a New York hedge fund called Alden Global Capital, in return for ownership of their joint printing plant and control of the joint business operations. The deal also gave the News 48 percent of the profits th Tribune had previously received. (The revenue split is now 70 percent Deseret News, 30 percent Tribune.)
A group of former journalists and community members called Citizens for Two Voices/Utah Newspaper Project sued, arguing that the new agreement violated anti-trust laws and would sent the Tribune on a downward spiral that would lead to its demise.
If the Tribune does die, this study shows the dominant newspaper in the local market would be gone, with only the Deseret News left but with a depleted staff and a focus on building its national edition rather than on local events and issues. The Tribune has dominated local print circulation for years and the past five years is no exception.
Read the full report by clicking here
Our Reply to the Defendants' Motion to Dismiss: This Isn't Texas Hold'em
The Deseret News and the New York owners of The Salt Lake Tribune seem to have confused their deal to gut the Trib of its assets and revenues with a game of poker where everyone gives up before the winner has to show his cards, but the Law says different.
Alden Global Capital, the hedge fund that is using a new 2013 Joint Operating Agreement with the Deseret News to drain The Tribune to pay off its wealthy investors, had to report to the U.S. Department of Justice just how much money was on the table, as well as other terms of the deal. But the Tribune owner didn’t tell. We say that move lost them the antitrust protection they claim to have under the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970.
We have sued them to stop and reverse this shady business deal. Their immediate response was to try to get the case thrown out. A hearing is set for 2 p.m. Sept. 8 before U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups at the new federal courthouse, 351 S. West Temple, Salt Lake City.
In brief, we, the Utah Newspaper Project, dba Citizens for Two Voices, say in a “reply memorandum” that the newspapers’ owners cannot claim protection under the Newspaper Preservation Act because they did not comply with the law’s requirement that specific terms be filed along with JOA amendments: “Compliance with Section 1803(a) is not a difficult task; had Defendants filed with the DOJ all of the terms and documents required, this element would not be at issue. But they did not, and it is." Here's the memorandum. And here's their reply to our reply.
The First Hearing in Our Case
U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups has scheduled a Sept. 8 hearing in our lawsuit challenging the 2013 Joint Operating Agreement between the Deseret News and the New York owner of The Salt Lake Tribune. “We believe there is great urgency in this case, so we're pleased it is moving ahead expeditiously," Utah Newspaper Project members said of the speedy timing for a hearing on the defendants' motion to dismiss.
The status hearing before Waddoups on Monday, July 21, was the first in the lawsuit filed last month by our nonprofit group Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices. We allege the new agreement between the LDS Church-owned Deseret News and the hedge fund owner of the Tribune violates antitrust law. That “Joint Operating Agreement” cuts Tribune revenue in half, cedes control of the papers’ business operation to the News and contains a provision granting the News a unilateral veto power over who can buy the Tribune.
Utah Newspaper Project contends those provisions and others in the JOA present an existential threat to the independent voice of the Tribune.
The defendants in the case filed a motion to dismiss earlier this month, arguing we lack standing and that the 2013 JOA is immunized under the Newspaper Preservation Act. It is that motion that is the subject of the Sept. 8 hearing. Utah Newspaper Project attorneys Karra Porter and Dave Richards will file a response in two weeks. Also before the court is our motion for a preliminary injunction. That will be addressed after the judge rules on the motion to dismiss. It would be rare for the judge to grant an injunction, but our legal team from Christensen & Jensen make a powerful case for it in their memorandum filed last week. Please look for the link to our reply memorandum below.
Christensen & Jensen attorneys Karra Porter and David Richards
appeared before U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups July 21.
July 20 Tribune Coverage of Our Case
John Paton, the New York manager of The Salt Lake Tribune, argues we are interfering with the digital future of the Trib. A Sunday story in the Trib elaborates on the "Declaration" of Paton filed with the hedge fund's reply to our complaint and motion. Unfortunately, the Trib story waits till the last graphs to point out that a 2011 agreement already provides for the newspapers’ independent digital operations. Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices is challenging the newspapers’ 2013 agreement – you know, the one that cuts Tribune revenues in half, cedes operational control of the Trib to the Deseret News and gives the Deseret News unilateral veto power over who can buy the Trib.
Here are those two agreements, reached in 2011 and 2013
Our Attorneys to John Paton, Deseret News: Show Us the Figures
A new Joint Operating Agreement threatens to send The Salt Lake Tribune into a downward spiral, attorneys for a nonprofit group challenging the deal argued this week. The JOA secretly negotiated between owners of The Salt Lake Tribune and the Deseret News cut The Tribune’s revenues in half and ceded operational control to the LDS Church-owned Deseret News. The agreement also includes a unilateral Deseret News veto power over who can buy The Tribune, which attorneys for Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices argue violates antitrust law.
In a reply memorandum arguing for a preliminary injunction, the nonprofit group points out that defendants in the case provide no information supporting their claim that the JOA actually strengthens The Tribune, which historically has been the region’s dominant daily newspaper. “The defendants’ response sidesteps Citizen’s contention that, regardless of whether putting the Tribune into a downward spiral is the intent of the new JOA, it is the effect, which is sufficient in itself to grant relief under several of the antitrust provisions cited in Citizens’ complaint,” states the plaintiff’s memorandum. Citizens is asking U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups to enjoin the deal immediately to prevent further harm to The Tribune and Salt Lake City’s marketplace of ideas.
“We know that the grant of a preliminary injunction would be extraordinary, but our attorneys make an excellent case for it,” said Joan O’Brien, chair of Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices. Since last fall the group has been challenging the newspapers’ JOA for violating antitrust law and the Newspaper Preservation Act.
The Plaintiffs' Reply Memorandum
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Expected, Meritless
The owners of the Deseret News and The Salt Lake Tribune filed a motion to dismiss our complaint this week, a move that Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices expected. Such motions to dismiss are standard operating procedure in commercial litigation, so theirs came as no surprise. Also not surprising were the arguments the defendants' raise to justify a deal that poses such a threat to an indispensible independent voice in Salt Lake's unique marketplace of ideas.
We're absolutely confident that our antitrust complaint will survive this motion and that our arguments will ultimately carry the day. Utah Newspaper Project has standing to bring this case; the antitrust immunity provided under the Newspaper Preservation Act cannot be stretched to cover the defendants' conduct here that so damages Utah's dominant newspaper; and the unilateral veto power that the Deseret News claims to hold over a change in the Tribune's ownership represents an ongoing violation of antitrust law. The motion, filed July 7 in U.S. District Court for the District of Utah:
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss
Our Reply to Their Reply
Citizens for Two Voices/Utah Newspaper Project allege the new Joint Operating Agreement between the owners of the Deseret News and The Salt Lake Tribune poses an existential threat to the Trib. Nothing in the defendants’ federal court filing this week convincingly answers that allegation, members of the nonprofit organization said Tuesday.
“We are eager to get into court and undertake discovery to get at some of the details of this transaction, which does so much damage to the region’s largest newsgathering operation,” said members of the group, which filed a public-interest lawsuit over the deal two weeks ago. The defendants, as does the new Joint Operating Agreement itself, profess a commitment to continued viability of The Tribune, but even a cursory reading of the document tells a different story, said Joan O’Brien, chair of the nonprofit Citizens for Two Voices.
“How is The Tribune’s viability ensured by a contract that cuts its revenues in half? How is its voice strengthened when the Deseret News has control over the entity that produces and distributes the newspapers? And how can anyone argue the Tribune enjoys editorial independence when the Deseret News holds a unilateral veto power over any ownership change?” O’Brien asked. “The News paid millions to the hedge fund owner of The Tribune for these new JOA terms, which would have been implemented in secret but for an anonymous tipster.” That tip is reproduced below.
The Defendants' Memorandum
The Tribune's Coverage, Deseret News' Coverage
June 16, 2014 – Utah Newspaper Project/Citizens for Two Voices
Filed Suit in U.S. District Court Challenging the Joint Operating Agreement!
Main Documents: Press Release – Complaint – Motion for Preliminary Injunction
Declarations: Bramble – Conway – Gale – Miller – O'Brien
Our Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
Congratulations to The Salt Lake Tribune!
The Salt Lake Tribune won 75 Utah Society of Professional Journalists awards on June 26, including the "Roy B. Gibson Freedom of Information Award," the "Don Baker Investigative Reporting Award," and the "Quintus C. Wilson Ethics Award" (for its work on revealing the JOA situation). The Trib was named "Best Newspaper," and statehouse reporter Robert Gehrke was named Best Newspaper Reporter. Jennifer Napier-Pearce swept the Best Podcast category and the Trib won for Best Overall Blog and for Best Use of News-Oriented Social Media. Read More »
June 21, 2014 – The Utah Attorney General opens an investigation into the JOA
The Statement: The Utah Attorney General's Office confirmed today that it has an open investigation into the circumstances surrounding the recent amendment of the Joint Operating Agreement between the owners of the Salt Lake Tribune and the Deseret News.
"I believe in the value of diverse editorial viewpoints and independent news-gathering for an informed citizenry, and I asked our antitrust lawyers to investigate the circumstances surrounding the change to the Joint Operating Agreement," said Attorney General Sean Reyes. "We are not trying to duplicate or interfere with the DOJ investigation as it pertains to any area where they have statutory jurisdiction. But, there may be areas of concern outside of or concurrent with that scope, and we have an obligation to look at them more closely."
"The investigation is being conducted by the newly formed Markets and Financial Fraud Division. Division Director David Sonnenreich said, "We recognize that the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970 authorizes the United States Attorney General to review and approve Joint Operating Agreements between newspapers, but the state still has an independent interest in investigating and enforcing our antitrust laws outside of the scope of that federal review." Read More »
The Utah Newspaper Project
The Utah Newspaper Project is an organization of readers and journalists concerned about radical changes to The Salt Lake Tribune’s operational and financial structure. These changes herald an intolerable consolidation of news media control in Utah’s unique marketplace of ideas, leaving residents with fewer sources of independent news and viewpoints. Read More »
The Major Issue, in brief
Changes to the Joint Operating Agreement (JOA) between the New York-based owner of The Salt Lake Tribune (Alden Global Capital) and the LDS Church-owned Deseret News threaten to undermine an important journalistic voice in Utah’s unique marketplace of ideas.
Dozens of longtime Utah journalists have called for a Justice Department antitrust investigation into the October 2013 JOA, which they argue “represent an intolerable consolidation of news media ownership here in Utah, and violate the spirit and letter of the Newspaper Preservation Act.”
The amendments to the Joint Operating Agreement violate antitrust law. They will leave The Tribune hobbled financially and beholden to the Deseret News operationally. Even more importantly, they will harm our community by potentially silencing an important journalistic institution. For nearly 150 years, The Tribune has billed itself as “Utah’s Independent Voice.” The changes to the Joint Operating Agreement would give too much control of The Tribune to the competing Deseret News Publishing Co. and its owner, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Retired Tribune Editor Conway
Shares Fear for Paper's Future
Former Tribune Editor Nancy Conway has condemned the new Joint Operating Agreement between The Tribune and Deseret News, saying the new contract “more than handicaps The Salt Lake Tribune.”
The deal that gives the Tribune 30 percent and the Deseret News 70 percent of profits – and thus cuts Trib revenue in half -- "almost certainly lays the way to its demise," Conway said in an April 28 interview. And it bears repeating: The Tribune accounts for 60 percent of the newspapers’ combined circulation.
Conway, who was still editor when the new JOA was negotiated last fall, said she was unaware such radical changes were afoot. The intense secrecy surrounding the new contract, which also turns over production and ownership control of The Trib to the Deseret News, shows an awareness by the newspapers’ owners that they were acting contrary to the public interest.
No wonder the Justice Department is looking into this sabotage of The Tribune by its competitor.
Read More »
The Tribune Transcends Ownership
The Tribune has been an institution that transcends ownership. Regardless of who’s issuing the paychecks, journalists at the paper do what they’re supposed to do: educate, amuse and sometimes irk their readers.
Over the last 15 years, the newspaper has churned through five owners. Such turnover of their employers has to be distracting to the employees, but they continue to do their jobs. And what is their job? To speak truth to power.
Read More »
Staff photo taken before sale to TCI. Many of these journalists continue to work at the newspaper, including Paul Rolly, front left, and newly named editor and publisher Terry Orme, who is seated at Rolly’s left.
• Write your letter to the US Dept. of Justice.
"Why is it important to Save The Salt Lake Tribune?"
DOJ Contact Info » David C. Kully, Acting Chief,
Litigation III Section, US Dept. of Justice Antitrust Division,
450 5th St. Suite 4000, Washington, D.C., 20530
Some of the Recent Coverage
• KUER's June 9 RadioWest:
Author Will Bagley on Histories of Utah's Largest Newspapers.
• KRCL's June 8 RadioActive:
Joan O'Brien and Holly Mullen on saving The Salt Lake Tribune.
• Watch the video: May 31, Rally for S.L. Tribune.
• Read Joan O'Brien's speech to Rally for S.L. Tribune. (PDF)
• Read the article Utah readers rally to ‘Save The Tribune’.
Become Informed – Background
• Amended Joint Operating Agreement Oct. 18, 2013. (PDF)
• Initial UNP Letter to U.S. Department of Justice Requesting Investigation of the Oct. 28, 2013 JOA. (PDF)
• Second UNP Letter to U.S. Department of Justice Feb. 28, 2014. (PDF)